Anthony Ashley-Cooper. Characteristicks. 1723.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper (1671-1713) was the third so named, after his father and grandfather, and like them held the title of Earl of Shaftesbury. His father had been the chief Lord Proprietor of the Carolina Colony, had drawn up the Grande Modell of its capital city, Charleston, and had been a close associate of John Locke who drafted the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina. The young Ashley-Cooper was forced by ill-health to abandon the family tradition of politics for literature and philosophy. While his writing style was overblown, his philosophical and ethical speculations attracted considerable notice among his contemporaries, including continental philosophers such as Leibnitz and Diderot, who translated portions of this work.[DNB]

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